Thursday, June 9, 2011

Cerbera odollam

Family:: Apocynaceae
Malay name: Buta buta, Pong pong
Other names: Pong pong, yellow eyed cerbera

Information

This plant can reach heights of up to 12 meters. It has a white colored flowers are quite fragrant and the gray bars. The fruit is round like the ball is colored green and pink color when cooked and then colored black.

Use

Fish and rat poison.

  
Poisoned

Toxic Part: Seeds, leaves

Active ingredients: Cardiac glycoside type Cerberin, neriifolin,


Effects of Poisoning

Seeds of this plant can cause nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, weak pulse, low blood pressure, fatigue, abdominal pain, abnormal heart rate and pupil expands. In severe cases, convulsions and coma may result.

Leaves of this plant can also affect the Central Nervous System.

Centella asiatica

Introduction

Family:: Apiaceae
Malay name: Chenkian, Chemekian, Tuba Kian
Other names: Hydrocotyle asiatica, Gotu Kola, Asya Sutasi, Brahmi, Pennywort, Marsh Penny, Pegagan, Penggaga, White rot, Buabok, Hydrocotyle cordifolia.

Information

Green plants creeping on the ground. It is kidney-shaped with a long handle 20 cm. The flowers are small, less than 3mm and pink or reddish.

Local use

The reported use of drugs include a fever, tonic, diuretic, anti-bacterial, antispasma, antiintinflamasi, hypotensive and insecticide.

It is also used as the reinforcement of memory, skin disease, dislocation, leprosy, antialergi agents, anticancer, hypotensive, stimulant. It is also used to treat kidney stones, bloody urine, venereal disease, wounds, sores and sore throats.

It is also said to be a young preservatives.
Poisoned

Toxic Part: Leaves

Active Ingredients: Asiaticoside, Centelloside, Brahmoside, Brahminoside, Hydrocotylin, Tanik and Vellarin acid.
Other Ingredients: Thankuniside, Inadecassik acid, Madecassoside, Madecassic Asiatic acid and acid

Effects of Poisoning

Can cause skin irritation or dermatitis. At high doses of this plant may affect the stimulation of the brain and cause headaches, drowsiness and coma.

Asiaticoside have a carcinogenic effect while Brahmoside and Brahminoside also has a sedative effect.

Croton tiglium

Introduction

Family:: Euphorbiaceae
Malay name: Chenkian, Chemekian, Tuba Kian
Other names: Purging Croton, Croton, Hogwort

Information

These types of herbal plants can grow and reach a height of 12 meters. It has green leaves and arranged in alternating and has a hairy surface. The fruit is a small plant and capsule form.

Use

The plant is reportedly used in traditional treatments for treating abdominal pain, toothache, sore throat, tumors, and snake bites. Oil from the seeds is also reportedly used to treat skin diseases.

Excess

Used in the manufacture of soap.

  
Poisoned

Toxic Part: Entire plant, especially seeds.

Active Ingredients: Oil kroton which contains 14 kinds of fatty acid ester. For example, phorbol-12 0.13-diesters, and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate.
Other Ingredients: Toxalbumin

Effects of Poisoning

Effect of plant poisoning is a very significant either ingested or come in contact with the diarrhea. It can also cause inflammation of the skin, and blisters on the mouth. Smoke from burning plants can cause inflammation of the eye. It is estimated that 20 points kroton oil can cause death.

Tests on animals showed that the carcinogenic effects

Emergency treatment

To drink water or milk to dissolve toxic if ingested this plant, followed by medical treatment.

Plumbago capensis

Introduction

Family:: Plumbaginaceae
Malay name: Ceraka Biru
Other names: Plumbago

Information

This plant can grow and reach heights of up to 2 feet. It has a flower that consists of five petals of a soft blue.

Local use

Site Furnishings

Excess

It is said to have activity as an insecticide and antibacterial warders.

Poisoned

Toxic Part: Entire plant

Active Ingredients: Plumbagin

Effects of Poisoning

If touched, the plant may cause skin irritation or dermatitis.

Catharanthus roseus

Introduction

Family: Apocynaceae
Malay name: Kemunting Cina, Rumput Jalang, Tapak Dara, Kembang Sari Cina, Ros Pantai
Other names: Rose Periwinkle, Old-Maid, Madagascar Periwinkle, Periwinkle



Information

These shrubs are planted as ornamental trees. It can be grown close to a height of 60 cm. It has leaves of dark green leaves 2-4 cm in size and fur on the sides. The leaves are also arranged in opposite direction. This plant flowers consist of 5 petals and color from white, blue, pink through to purple.

Poisoned

Toxic Part: Entire plant

Active Ingredients: Vincristine, vinblastine, reserpine, and serpentine ajmalicine

        
Other Ingredients: Catharanthine, leurosine, norharman, lochnerine, tetrahydroalstonine, vindoline, vindolinine, akuammine, vincamine, and vinrosidin vinleurosin


Effects of Poisoning

Poisoning effect is shown by symptoms such as fever, nausea and vomiting within 24 hours. Other symptoms are neuropathies, tendon reflection loss, hallucinations, coma, seizures and death.




 

Cassia fistula

Introduction

Family: Leguminosae
Malay name: Rajah Kayu, Kayu Raja, Dulang
Other Names: Golden Shower, India Laburnum, Purging Fistula, Pudding-pipe Tree, Golden Rain, Canafistola, Casse
Information

This plant can grow and reach heights up to 15m. It has yellow flowers dangle.

Local use

Used to treat diseases related to diabetes, fever, low blood pressure, gastric diseases, leprosy and fungal-related diseases.

Poisoned

Toxic parts: the sticky part on a crust that contains legumes (pods), seed nuts, leaves and stems.
Active Substance: Emodin glycoside, chrysarobin                                                                                  
Other ingredients: amino acids, fatty acids and amino chrysophanik

Effects of Poisoning

Cause nausea, vomiting, seizures and drowsiness.

Calophyllum inophyllum

Introduction

Family: Guttiferae
Malay name: Penaga Laut
Other Names: Mastwood, Alexandrian Laurel, Indian Laurel, Beauty Leaf, Laurelwood, Maria Grande Kamani, Poonay-Oil.

Information

These woody plants can grow to a height that can reach up to 40 feet. The stem is gray on the outside but pink on the inside. Green leaves of this plant with the size of 3-5 inches long. The fruit is yellow-brown seeds are enveloped by the shell.

Local use

Oil lamps

Poisoned

Toxic Part: Seeds

Active Ingredients: Inophylum AE, Calophylloide and Calophynic acid.
Other Ingredients: l, 2,3,4,4 a-heksahidro 0.7-1.6-dimethyl-4-(l-metilletil) naphthalene, cubebene, selinene, calerene, farnesene, scadinene, bourbonene, zingiberene, copaene, murelene, sesquiphellandrene, octadecanal, heksadecane, farnesol.

Effects of Poisoning

Symptoms of plant poisoning is a persistent vomiting and diarrhea. Rubber plants are capable of causing inflammation of the eyes and skin.